High blood sugar is only a symptom of diabetes and not the actual cause. Diabetes is caused by excess of insulin. This hormone, insulin, is responsible for reducing the levels of blood sugar. For this hormone to work efficiently it is important that the tissues are sensitive to the action. The first organ to stop responding to insulin is the liver when insulin resistance sets in. Diet is the main culprit of this insulin resistance. You need to understand what food can cause diabetes in order to prevent this.
Causes of Type-1 diabetes and Type-2 diabetes are different. Understanding this is important.
Causes of Type-1 Diabetes:
The cells that make insulin in the pancreas are destroyed by the immune system, causing Type-1 Diabetes. The insulin left in the body is not sufficient to function in a normal manner. This is termed as an autoimmune action as the body attack itself.
Some of the triggers of Type-1 Diabetes are
- Chemical toxins within the food
- Bacterial or viral infection
- An unidentified component causing this autoimmune reaction
- Genetic disposition
Causes of Type-2 Diabetes:
Type-2 diabetes has multi-factorial causes. The most common cause or trigger of this Type-2 diabetes is the family history. There are multiple factors which can cause this Tpe-2 diabetes.
- Sedentary Lifestyle
- Bad Diet
- Increasing age
Causes of Gestational Diabetes:
Diabetes in pregnancy or gestational diabetes has no specific causes. This condition is developed due to many risk factors.
- Obese or overweight
- Family history
- A large baby who is more than 9lb
- Suffering from polycystic ovary syndrome
There are other causes of diabetes and this includes Cushing’s syndrome, Glucagonoma, diabetes which is induced by steroids and all of the above.
Symptoms of Diabetes:
You can look for the listed symptoms if you feel you are suffering from diabetes.
- Weight loss
- Increase in thirst and hunger.
- Extreme fatigue
- Blurry vision
- Sores that do not heal
- Increase in urination.
Treatment of Diabetes:
The treatment of diabetes depends on the type of diabetes you are suffering from.
Type -1 Diabetes:
The main treatment of the Tpe-1 diabetes is insulin. This replaces the hormone which the body is unable to produce. The most commonly used insulin used is four different types. These are differentiated on how soon they start working.
Managing Type-2 diabetes can be done with a well balanced diet and regular exercise. In case this does not help you will need to take specific medications.
It is important to monitor your blood sugar levels regularly during pregnancy. There are changes to be made to your diet if this is on the higher side. You need to bring down the intake of carbs and increase the intake of fiber. Make sure you are well hydrated by drinking the recommended amount of water. Choose those foods which have a low glycemic index and ensure portion control.
The medications prescribed for diabetes depends on the type of diabetes. Choose a well balanced diet and exercise regularly to manage your diabetes.
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